Republican Center for social adaptation of children

social work in Uzbekistan – also in Uz and in Ru

Following sovereignty, a new system of social protection to deliver service to the population was formed in the Republic of Uzbekistan, where casework with people needing special attention and care has been developed as a priority. Under such conditions, a need appeared for highly qualified workers within the social sphere who possess knowledge and skills to work with socially vulnerable strata within the population and, accordingly, the necessity appeared for a new professional activity – that of ‘social worker’ … (english Homepage 1/2).

Re-Trainings; National Team; Academic Education; Documents; Resources; Partners: UNICEF Uzbekistan; UNIVEF CEE/CIS;
Address: The Republican center for social adaptation of children, A. Kahhar Street, 34, Tashkent, 100100, Uzbekistan; and Yellow Pages Uzbekistan;

English Homepage 2/2: … Social work as profession began to be formed in Uzbekistan in the late 1990s.  

The foundations of the process  were  laid with the introduction of a new field of knowledge and education into the State classifier of directions and specialties of higher education – that of “social work” – in 1998. The professions of “social worker” and “specialist in social work” were entered in the National classifier of professions and jobs of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Undergraduate programs on social work were implemented at the Tashkent State Institute of culture and at Samarqand and Fergana universities. The Tashkent State Institute of culture is the lead higher education institution in the area of training for social work where both undergraduate and graduate programs are delivered.    In addition , the 4-month retraining courses on social work for the employees from organizations and institutions of the system of social protection of children, also for the teachers of social work of academic institutions, have been delivered since 2007 at the Faculty of advanced training and retraining of the Institute of culture in partnership with the Republican Center for social adaptation of children and with support from UNICEF in Uzbekistan.

Definition of social work:

  • Social work is a professional activity concerned with the rendering of help and support to people with the purpose of improving of their well-being, focused on solving of problems in human relations and contributing to social change in a society[1].

Social work is a profession characterized with the following features:

  • It is grounded on the science-based knowledge and theory;
  • It relies on evidence-based practice;
  • It is guided by ethical principles and standards of behavior;
  • It is done in professional interaction with the client* and the client’s environment.

(*The term “client” refers to individuals, families, groups of people, and communities)

For the promotion of social work as a profession the following are important:

  • A Training process, that is based on recognized educational standard of social work describing knowledge, skills, structure of the curriculum (including field work) and the process of constant updating of that knowledge and information, in accordance with the modern theories and models of social work;
  • Authority – in a form of diplomas or certificates entitling to work in the social sphere;
  • Professional associations and organizations that observe over the educational process and practical training and develop and revise the ethic code and standards of behavior by social worker in organizations.

Unique characteristics of social work as a profession:

  • Social work considers the person  in their social environment, while some professions are focused either on a particular individual (ex. psychology) or on the whole society (sociology or political science).
  • Social work includes a unique set of theories and methods originating from other disciplines and professions. Modern trends in development of social work are oriented towards combination of various approaches and methods of working, development of multi-level interventions and interdisciplinary approach.
  • Social work has a clearly defined orientation towards social support, and it puts emphasis on vulnerable groups of the population; it is intended for the creation and support of social services.
  • Social work lays stress on client’s self-determination; relations between client and social worker are characterized with openness and mutuality, which gives opportunities for finding the optimal solution to a clients  problem.

[1] Definition of social work was discussed and accepted by the members of the National Team for social work jointly with the international consultants within the frames of projects on social work carried out in partnership with RCSAC and Tashkent State Institute of culture with support from UNICEF in Uzbekistan in 2005-2008.

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